Wright Museum of African American History. Bootsie and Others: The Cartoons of OLLIE HARRINGTON. New York: Dodd, Mead and Co. 90 full page b&w illus.
, yellow cloth, lettered in green, pictorial d. Why I left America, and other essays. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1993.Dark Laughter: The Satiric Art of OLIVER W. A rich gathering of Harrington's best cartoons from the past four decades, from the Walter O. Evans Collection of African American Art. Fascinating biography of a major cartoonist of the 1930s and 40s known for his political satire and cartoons for the Black Press. Persecuted by McCarthy, Harrington moved to Paris in 1951 where he was central to the black expatriate community in Paris, friends with Richard Wright and Chester Himes until 1961 when he decided to take up residence in East Berlin where he spent his later decades.
His work was published in the East German papers and in the Daily Worker back in the U. Other early black cartoonists briefly mentioned in the introduction include: Leslie L. Rogers, Henry Brown, Jay Jackson, Chester Commodore, Wilbert Holloway, Elton Fax, Samuel Milai, Mel Tapley, Tom Feelings, Ted Shearer, E. Simms Campbell, Jackie Ormes, Morrie Turner, Brumsic Brandon. Cartoonists of the 80s mentioned include Ray Billingsly, Robb Armstrong, Stephen Bentley, and Barbara Brandon.The Cartoon Art of OLLIE HARRINGTON. Freedomways: A Quarterly Review of the Freedom Movement: Vol. By Tom Feelings; "Look Homeward baby" by Ollie Harrington. OLIVER HARRINGTON dies in Berlin home. In: Comics Journal 182 (November 1995):20-21. Obituary for the renowned cartoonist, forced into political exile during the McCarthy period. TARRY, ELLEN and OLIVER W. Detailed 2-color (black and brown) litho crayon illustrations throughout (numerous double-page, including double-page illustrated endpapers). African American writer and illustrator have teamed up to create this charming story of the hunt for a runaway circus elephant involving a small boy from Harlem named Hezekiah. Large 8vo, lettered cloth spine, pictorial papered boards and endpapers.
GENERAL BOOKS AND GROUP EXHIBITIONS. Addison Gallery of American Art, Phillips Exeter Academy.
To Conserve a Legacy: American Art from Historically Black Colleges and Universities. Powell, Jock Reynolds; intro by Kinshasha Holman. Includes painting, sculpture, and photographs by over 90 artists and historic photographs, gathered from the collection of 6 important university collections: Clark, Fisk, Hampton, Howard, N. A major publication on African American Art. Includes among others: William E.
Bedou, John Biggers, Edmund Bruce, Elizabeth Catlett, Claude Clark, Sr. Allan Rohan Crite, Frederick C. Freelon, Otis Galbreath, Sam Gilliam, Humbert Howard, Clementine Hunter, Wilmer A. Jennings, Malvin Gray Johnson, William H.
Johnson, Edmonia Lewis, Rose Piper, Horace Pippin, Prentiss H. Robinson, Charles Sallee, Augusta Savage, William Edouard Scott, Charles Sebree, Alvin Smith, white artist Prentiss Taylor, James Lesesne Wells, Hale Woodruff. Imagery of Lynching: Black Men, White Women, and the Mob.
Examination of the role that gender played in visual representations of lynching, how photographs were used to construct ideologies of race and interracial desire. 4to 10.3 x7.2 in. Mentions very briefly approximately 40 African American visual artists (419-425). Catalogue of the Charles L.Blockson Afro-American Collection, a Unit of the Temple University Libraries. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1990. A dozen photographs, excellent title, name and detailed subject indices, approximately 11,000 entries describing a variety of historical artifacts: printed books, pamphlets, addresses and speeches, art catalogues, newspapers, periodicals, manuscripts, broadsides, handbills, lithographs, tape recordings, stamps, coins, maps, oil paintings, and sculpture that all relate to African, African American, and Caribbean life and history.
Intro by Dorothy Porter Wesley. The strength of the collection is such that even though the focus was not on art, there are nonetheless at least 250 art and architecture-related holdings. Bibliography entries specifically on the Fine Arts (including African art): items 640-806 pp.Artists mentioned (generally as authors rather than artists) include: Benny Andrews, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, John Biggers, Jacqueline Fonvielle Bontemps, Clarence C. Simms Campbell, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Leroy P. Cooper, Allan Rohan Crite, Beauford Delaney, David Driskell, Robert Duncanson, Elton Fax, Tom Feelings, Oliver (Ollie) Harrington, Malvin Gray Johnson, Sargent Johnson, Joshua Johnston, Ida Ella Jones, Lois Mailou Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Jesse Aaron, John L.
Moore, Archibald Motley, Henry O. Tanner, Carroll Simms, Samella Lewis, Horace Pippin, James A.Porter, Martin Puryear, Faith Ringgold, Thomas Sills, Augusta Savage, Jeanne Moutoussamy-Ashe, Richard Samuel Roberts, James Vanderzee, Ruth Waddy, Deborah Willis (Ryan), Charles White. Anthology of writings developed and expanded from an issue of Freedomways. Contributions by James Baldwin, Langston Hughes, Alice Childress, Paule Marshall, Claude McKay, Lorraine Hansberry, Oliver Harrington (including some Bootsie cartoons), a survey of Harlem artists, Charles White, John Biggers, Elizabeth Catlett, Jacob Lawrence and Richmond Barthé, mention of Elton Fax and many others; photographs by numerous white photographers (John Taylor, Alvin Simpson and Paul Breslow), and much more. Small 8vo 20 x 13 cm. Checklist of Afro-American Art and Artists.
Kent State University Libraries, 1970. In: Serif 7 (December 1970):3-63. What could have been the solid foundation of future scholarship is unfortunately marred by errors of all kinds and the inclusion of numerous white artists. All Black artists are cross-referenced.HIGGINBOTHAM, EVELYN BROOKS, et al, Eds. The Harvard Guide to African-American History. Visual arts bibliography of approximately 80 books in addition to the monographs mentioned in the text. Review of publications cites only four monographs from the 1940s-1971 (Rodman's Horace Pippin; Lois Mailou Jones Peintures; Images of Dignity; Mathews' Henry Ossawa Tanner) along with mention of the illustrated books by Elton Fax and John T. Biggers (on their trips to Africa), Allan Rohan Crite and Oliver Harrington.
Only five additional books from the 1970s are mentioned, one of which is referred to as "that unusual publication, an artist's autobiography, " but fails to note that the book is for children and that children's literature biographies of successful African American men were published in droves during the 70s, even in the form of history comic books. The author of this section states that roughly 50 monographic publications (including books and exhibition catalogues) were published during the 1990s. A highly misleading body count; we count well over 1000. Text includes mention of publications from the 1970s-90s on Charles Alston, Edward Mitchell Bannister, Romare Bearden, John Biggers, Elizabeth Catlett, Aaron Douglas, Thomas Day, Beauford Delaney, Thornton Dial, Robert S. Duncanson, Melvin Edwards, Minnie Evans, Elton Fax, Tom Feelings, Amos Ferguson, David Hammons, Oliver Harrington, Palmer Hayden, Clementine Hunter, William H.
Johnson, Joshua Johnston, Lois Mailou Jones, Raymond Lark, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, Archibald Motley, Elijah Pierce, Horace Pippin, James A. Porter, Faith Ringgold, Ellis Ruley, Philip Simmons, Renée Stout, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Alma Thomas, Bill Traylor, James W. James Lesesne Wells, and several others. A highly biased list omitting most major artists under 45.
Black Comics: politics of race and representation. London and New York: Bloomsbury, 2013. Brief history of the black comic strip: past and present / Sheena C.
Howard; The trouble with romance in Jackie Ormess comics / Nancy Goldstein; Contemporary representations of black females in newspaper comic strips / Tia C. M Tyree; Black comics and social media economics: new media, new production models / Derek Lackaff and Michael Sales; Beyond b&w? The global manga of Felipe Smith / Casey Brienza. Studying black comic strips: popular art and discourses of race / Angela M. Nelson; Blowing flames into the souls of black folk: Ollie Harrington and his bombs from Berlin to Harlem / Christian Davenport; Panthers and vixens: Black superheroines, sexuality, and stereotypes in contemporary comic books / Jeffrey A.Brown; Gender, race, and The Boondocks / Sheena C. Howard; From sexual siren to race traitor: Condoleeza Rice in political cartoons / Clariza Ruiz De Castilla and Zazil Elena Reyes Garcia. "Theres a revolutionary messiah in our mist": a pentadic analysis of Birth of a Nation: a comic novel / Carlos D. Morrison and Ronald L Jackson II; Inappropriate political content: serialized comic strips at the intersection of visual rhetoric and the rhetoric of humor / Elizabeth Sills; Will the real black superheroes please stand up? : a critical analysis of the mythological and cultural significance of black superheroes / Kenneth Ghee; Culturally gatekeeping the black comic / David Deluliis.
Important research on African American cartoonists, including Black Press comic strips that featured African American characters, heroes and heroines in a wide variety of life situations. Much new material based on conversations with Philadelphia cartoonist, Samuel Joyner who provided background information about many of the artists whom he had the privilege of actually knowing, the Vivian Harsh Collection of Afro-American History located in the Carter G. Woodson Regional Branch of the Chicago Library. Cartoonists named include: Douglas Akins, Charles Allen, Charles H. Alston, Don Anderson, Edd Ashe, Brumsic Brandon, Jr.Buck Brown, Henry Brown, E. Simms Campbell, Walt Carr, Ted Carroll, Bill Chase, Chester Commodore, Len Cooper, Charles C. Fax, Tom Feelings, Ollie Harrington, Geoff Hayes, George Herriman, Al Hollingsworth, Wilbert Holloway, Jay Jackson, Burris Jenkins, Jr. Samuel Joyner, Charles Lee, Renny Lee, Nat Low, Samuel Milai, Calvin Massey, Ralph Matthews, Tap Melvin, George Mercer, F. Langston Mitchell, Jackie Ormes, David Orro, Clovis Parker, Stan Patt, Carl Pfeufer, Roger Powell, Ric Roberts, Leslie Rogers, Hardy B. Ruffin, Ted Shearer, Gus Standard, Jerry Stewart, Elmer C. Stoner, Tom Swaja, Melvin Tapley, Morrie Turner, Clifford Van Buren, Jim B. Watson, Ted Watson, Francis Yancy.
Freedom Dreams: The Black Radical Imagination. Includes brief mention of: Amiri Baraka, Elizabeth Catlett, Tom Feelings, Ellen Gallagher, Ollie Harrington, Wifredo Lam.Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2004. A study of Black social realism and its engagement with leftist political activism and civil rights struggles. The murals of Charles White, graphics of John Wilson, poetry of Frank Marshall Davis, and novels of Willard Motley are used as centerpieces for a broader discussion of the concerns of social realism within each genre. Other artists mentioned include: Charles Alston, John T. Biggers, Bob Blackburn, Elizabeth Catlett. Ernest Crichlow, Elton Fax, Oliver Harrington, Wilmer Jennings, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Archibald J. Smith, Raymond Steth, James Lesesne Wells, Hale Woodruff. 8vo 24 x 16 cm. Crusaders with Pen and Ink: African American Cartoonists. 3 (January, 1993):40, 42+; numerous illus. Mentions recent exhibit entitled "Black Ink" that featured 45 Black cartoonists at the San Francisco Museum of Cartoon Art. Notes five artists whose syndicated comic strips appear regularly in the White press: Robb Armstrong's "Jump Start;" Stephen Bentley's "Herb and Jamaal;" Ray Billingsley's "Curtis"; Barbara Brandon's "Where I'm Coming From, " Morrie Turner's "Wee Pals, " Buck Brown, whose single panels of naughty "Granny" and other characters are regularly published in Playboy. Mentions Ebony's "Strictly For Laughs" regulars George Winners, Walt Carr, Ramzah, Gerald Dyes, and Robert Gill; forerunners Ollie Harrington, E.
Holloway, Leslie Rogers and Zelda (Jackie) Ormes. Also mentions Brumsic Brandon, Jr. S "Luther, " Ted Shearer's "Quincy, " and Joe Young's Scruples.
Chicago: Johnson Publisnt Company Pub. Includes over 150 artists, more than double the number who were included in Ebony's Negro Handbook of 1966. Nonetheless, this represents a very limited selection compared with the St. Louis Index (1972) and Cederholm (1973) which had been published in the two years immediately preceeding this revision.
Includes: Charles Alston, Eileen Anderson, Ralph Arnold, William E. Artis, Kwasi Asante, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, Sherman Beck, Ben Bey, Michelle C.
Biggers, Gloria Bohanon, Lorraine Bolton, Shirley Bolton, Elmer Brown, Samuel J. Brown, Herbert Bruce, Joan Bryant, Selma Burke, Calvin Burnett, Margaret Burroughs, Nathaniel Bustion, William S. Carter, Elizabeth Catlett, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Benjamin Clark, Claude Clark, Irene V. Clark, Floyd Coleman, Eldzier Cortor, Samuel Countee, G.
Coxe, Ernest Crichlow, Allan Rohan Crite, Alonzo J. Brooks Dendy, Jeff Donaldson, Harold S. Dorsey, Aaron Douglas, Annette Ensley, Marion Epting, P. Fernand (listed only in this publication), Frederick C. Flemister, Ausbra Ford, Leroy Foster, Meta Vaux Fuller, Rex Goreleigh, Joseph E.Hardrick, Oliver Harrington, Frank Hayden, Palmer Hayden, Vertis C. Hayes, Eselean Henderson, Alvin C.
Hollingsworth, Humbert Howard, Kenneth Howard (in this publication only), Richard Hughes, Richard Hunt, J. Jackson, Wilmer Jennings, Lester L. Johnson, Malvin Gray Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Ben Jones, Lawrence Jones, Lois Maillou Jones, Mark Jones, Charles Keck, James E.
Kennedy, Joseph Kersey, Henri Umbaji King, Omar Lama, Jacob Lawrence, Clifford Lee, Hughie Lee-Smith, Leon Leonard, Edmonia Lewis, Norman Lewis, Edward L. Loper, Anderson Macklin, William Majors, Stephen Mayo, Geraldine McCullough, Eva Hamlin Miller, Rosetta Dotson Minner, Corinne Mitchell, James Mitchell, Norma Morgan, Jimmie Mosely, Archibald J.
Motley, Dindga McCannon, David Normand, Hayward Oubre, Sandra Peck, Marion Perkins, Alvin Phillips, Delilah Pierce, Horace Pippin, James A. Porter, Georgette Seabrooke Powell, Leo Twiggs, Al Tyler, Anna Tyler, Steve Walker, John Wilson, Hale Woodruff, Kenneth V. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture. Black New York Artists of the 20th Century: Selections from the Schomburg Center Collections.
November 19, 1998-March 31, 1999. And text by curator Victor N. Includes 125 artists: Tina Allen, Charles Alston, Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, Ellsworth Ausby, Abdullah Aziz, Xenobia Bailey, Ellen Banks, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, Camille Billops, Bob Blackburn, Kabuya Bowens, William E. Braxton, Kay Brown, Selma Burke, Carole Byard, Elmer Simms Campbell, Nanette Carter, Elizabeth Catlett, Violet Chandler, Colin Chase, Schroeder Cherry, Ed Clark, Houston Conwill, Eldzier Cortor, Ernest Crichlow, Emilio Cruz, Michael Cummings, Diane Davis, Lisa Corinne Davis, Francks Francois Deceus, Avel C.
DeKnight, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Louis Delsarte, James Denmark, Aaron Douglas, Taiwo Duvall, Melvin Edwards, Elton Fax, Tom Feelings, Robert T. Freeman, Herbert Gentry, Rex Goreleigh, Theodore Gunn, Inge Hardison, Oliver Harrington, Verna Hart, Palmer Hayden, Carl E. Hollingsworth, Manuel Hughes, Bill Hutson, Harlan Jackson, Laura James, Wadsworth Jarrell, Jamillah Jennings, M.
Johnson, Malvin Gray Johnson, Oliver Johnson, Gwen Knight, Jacob Lawrence, Cecil Lee, Hughie Lee-Smith, Richard Leonard, Norman Lewis, Bell Earl Looney, Valerie Maynard, Dindga McCannon, Sam Middleton, Onaway K. Mimms, Tyrone Mitchell, Mark Keith Morse, George J. Sana Musasama, Otto Neals, Jide Ojo, Ademola Olugebefola, James Phillips, Anderson Pigatt, Robert S. Pious, Rose Piper, Georgette Seabrooke Powell, Debra Priestly, Ronald Okoe Pyatt, Abdur-Rahman, Patrick Reason, Donald A.
Reid, Earle Richardson, Faith Ringgold, Winfred J. Russell, Alison Saar, Augusta Savage, Charles Searles, Charles Sebree, James Sepyo, Milton Sherrill, Danny Simmons, Deborah Singletary, Albert Alexander Smith, Mei Tei Sing-Smith, Vincent Smith, Tesfaye Tessema, Dox Thrash, Haileyesus Tilahun, Bo Walker, Arlington Weithers, James Lesesne Wells, Charles White, Emmett Wigglesworth, Billy Doe Williams, Grace Williams, Michael Kelly Williams, Walter H. Williams, Ellis Wilison, George Wilson, Ron and Addelle Witherspoon, Hale Woodruff. As well as work by members of the collectives Spiral and Weusi and the early'70s exhibit by black women artists called Where We At, and dozens more.
4to 28 x 22 cm. Includes: Scipio Moorhead, Patrick Reason, Henry Jackson Lewis; John Henry Adams, Gil Ashby, Pedro Bell, Thomas Blackshear, Barbara H.Bond, Colin Bootman, Alexander Bostic, Bradford Brown, Elbrite Brown, Ashley Bryan, Yvonne Buchanan, Carole Byard, Elmer Simms Campbell, Mal Cann, Gregory Christie, Bryan Collier, Floyd Cooper, Nina Crewes, Donald Crews, Ernest Crichlow, Allan Rohan Crite, Pat Cummings, Frank Dillon, Aaron Douglas, Shane Evans, Elton Fax, Tom Feelings, George Ford, Jan Gilchrist, Cheryl Hanna, Oliver Harrington, James Hoston, Leonard Jenkins, Joel Peter Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Roy E. Lewis, Henry Jackson Lewis, Charles Lilly, Overton Loyd, Aaron McGruder, Don Miller, Christopher Myers, Kadir Nelson, Jackie Ormes, Gerald Purnell, Fred Pfeiffer, Robyn Phillips-Pendleton, Jerry Pinkney, Ivan Powell, James E. Ransome, Anna Rich, Faith Ringgold, Aminah Brenda Robinson, Reynold Ruffins, Synthia St. James, Albert Alexander Smith, Javaka Steptoe, John Lewis Steptoe, Jean Pierre Targete, Don Tate, Toni Taylor, Mozelle Thompson, Nancy Tolson, Ezra Tucker, Eric Velasquez, Laura Wheeler Waring, James Lesesne Wells, Eric Wilkerson, Hilda Rue Wilkerson, Cornelius Van Wright.
African Americans in the Visual Arts. New York: Facts on File, 2003. 50 b&w photos of some artists, brief 2-page bibliog. Part of the A to Z of African Americans series.Lists over 170 visual artists (including 18 photographers) and 22 filmmakers with brief biographies and token bibliog. An erratic selection, far less complete than the St. James Guide to Black Artists, and inexplicably leaving out over 250 artists of obvious historic importance for ex.
Harleston, Grafton Tyler Brown, Charles Ethan Porter, Wadsworth Jarrell, John Outterbridge, Noah Purifoy, William Majors, Camille Billops, Whitfield Lovell, Al Loving, Ed Clark, John T. Scott, Maren Hassinger, Lorraine O'Grady, Winnie Owens-Hart, Adrienne Hoard, Oliver Jackson, Frederick Eversley, Glenn Ligon, Sam Middleton, Ed Hamilton, Pat Ward Williams, etc. And omitting a generation of well-established contemporary artists who emerged during the late 70s-90s.
Note: a newly revised edition of 2012 (ten pages longer) has not rendered it a worthy reference work on this topic. 8vo (25 com), laminated papered boards. New York: Dryden Press, 1943. Text and indices, bibliog, index of names, plus 76 pp. Foundation reference work from which many others still take their information.
Includes: John Henry Adams, Jr. Avery, Henry (Mike) Bannarn, Edward Mitchell Bannister, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, Gwendolyn Bennett, Edmund Bereal, Bob Blackburn, Leslie G. Bolling, David Bustill Bowser, William Ernest Braxton, Elmer Brown, Hilda Brown (also listed as Hilda Wilkerson), Richard L. Brown, Selma Burke, John P.
Simms Campbell, John Carlis, Jr. Carter, Elizabeth Catlett, John G.Collins, William Arthur Cooper, Eldzier Cortor, Ernest Crichlow, Allan Rohan Crite, Robert Crump, Charles Davis, Thomas Day, Charles C. Davis, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Elba Lightfoot DeReyes, Joseph C.
Dillon, Aaron Douglas, Robert S. Duncanson, William Edmondson, William M. Farrow, Slave of Thomas Fleet, Frederick C. Fountaine (as Fontaine), Allan Freelon, Meta Vaux Warrick Fuller, John W.
Gore, Rex Goreleigh, Bernard Goss, Henry Gudgell, John Hailstalk, Clark Hampton, John W. Harper, Oliver Harrington (as Henry), Marcellus Hawkins, Palmer Hayden, Vertis Hayes, James V.
Hobbs (now known to have been a white artist), Charles F. Holland, Fred Hollingsworth, Julien Hudson, George Hulsinger, Thomas W. Hykes, Zell Ingram, John Spencer Jackson, May Howard Jackson, Wilmer Jennings, Everett Johnson, Malvin Gray Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Joshua Johnston, Allen Jones, Henry B.Jones, Lois Mailou Jones, Ronald Joseph, Joseph Kersey, Jacob Lawrence, Clarence Lawson, Bertina Lee, Hughie Lee-Smith, Edmonia Lewis, Norman Lewis, Robert H. Lewis, Gerrit Loguen, Edward Loper, Scipio Moorhead, Lenwood Morris, Lottie E. Neal, Alexandre Pickhil, Horace Pippin, Georgette Seabrooke Powell, Pauline Powell, Nelson A. Primus, Elizabeth Prophet, Patrick Reason, Earle W. Richardson, William Ross, Winfred Russell, Charles L.
Sallee, Augusta Savage, William E. Scott, Charles Sebree, William Simpson, Albert A.
Smith, Ella Spencer, Teresa Staats, Edward Stidum, Curtis E. Tann, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Dox Thrash, W. Thompson, Neptune Thurston, Thurmond Townsend, Vidal, Earl Walker, Daniel Warburg, Eugene Warburg, Laura Wheeler Waring, James Lesesne Wells, Aedina White, Charles White, James Williams, A. Reprinted in 1969 with a new preface by Porter; and in 1992 in an important scholarly edition by Howard University Press with new introduction by David Driskell, a James A.Porter chronology by Constance Porter Uzelac, and including the prefaces to all prior editions. Black Art and Culture in the 20th Century. New York: Thames and Hudson, 1997. (including 31 in color), biog. Black Art: A Cultural History. London: Thames & Hudson, 2002. Including 39 in color, biog. Revised and slightly enlarged from 1997 edition.
The Life of Langston Hughes. New York: Oxford University Press, 1986, 1988.Includes mention of 7 visual artists: Richmond Barthé, Gwendolyn Bennett, E. Simms Campbell, George Washington Carver, Aaron Douglas, Zell Ingram, and Augusta Savage; Vol. Simms Campbell, George Washington Carver, Elizabeth Catlett, Roy DeCarava, Aaron Douglas, Margaret Taylor Goss Burroughs, Eugene Grigsby, Ollie Harrington, Geoffrey Holder, Zell Ingram, Ted Joans, Jacob Lawrence, Charles White, and Hale Woodruff. The Black Arts Movement: Literary Nationalism in the 1960s and 1970s. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2005. Index (lacking many names actually in the text). Distinctive for its attention to individual geographical loci and diversity, within the framework of the Left, the Cold War, the Civil Rights movement and other national artistic cultural and political trends.
Primarily focused on the written and spoken word, but includes some passing mention of the intersection of the visual arts with a range of literary circles. Mentions: Charles Alston, Emma Amos, Romare Bearden, John Biggers, Margaret Burroughs, Elizabeth Catlett, Jeff Donaldson, Aaron Douglas, Reginald Gammon (as Richard), Hugh Harrell, Oliver Harrington, Tom Feelings, Felrath Hines, Wadsworth Jarrell, Ted Joans, Barbara Jones-Hogu, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, Samella Lewis, Richard Mayhew, William Pritchard, Noah Purifoy, Edward Spriggs, Nelson Stevens, James Stewart, Askia Touré, Charles White, Hale Woodruff, James Yeargans.
8vo 9.1 x 6.1 in. An index to Black American artists. Also includes art historians such as Henri Ghent.In this database, only artists are cross-referenced. Reflections in a Dark Mirror: Comic Strips in Black Newspapers. In: The Journal of Popular Culture 10 (Summer 1976):239-44. Rogers, originator of "Bungleton Green" in Chicago Defender in 1920; Henry Brown, Jay Jackson, both later Bungleton cartoonists; Chester Commodore, the strip's final artist; James B. (Jim) Watson's "Amos Hokum, " in Pittsburgh; Charles Russell and "Sambo Sam, " Wilbert Holloway, Pittsburgh Courier's editorial cartoonist in 1929, Garrett Whyte's The Notorious Mr.
" Morrie Turner, Brumsic Brandon, Clifford van Buren's "Elmer, Samuel Milai and several strips, Ollie Harrington. The Black Artist in America: An Index to Reproductions. Includes: index to Black artists, bibliography including doctoral dissertations and audiovisual materials.
Many of the dozens of spelling errors and incomplete names have been corrected in this entry and names of known white artists omitted from our entry, but errors may still exist in this entry, so beware: Jesse Aaron, Charles Abramson, Maria Adair, Lauren Adam, Ovid P. Adams, Ron Adams, Terry Adkins, (Jonathan) Ta Coumba T. Aiken, Jacques Akins, Lawrence E. Alexander, Tina Allen, Pauline Alley-Barnes, Charles Alston, Frank Alston, Charlotte Amevor, Emma Amos (Levine), Allie Anderson, Benny Andrews, Edmund Minor Archer, Pastor Argudin y Pedroso as Y. Pedroso Argudin, Anna Arnold, Ralph Arnold, William Artis, Kwasi Seitu Asante [as Kwai Seitu Asantey], Steve Ashby, Rose Auld, Ellsworth Ausby, Henry Avery, Charles Axt, Roland Ayers, Annabelle Bacot, Calvin Bailey, Herman Kofi Bailey, Malcolm Bailey, Annabelle Baker, E.
Loretta Ballard, Jene Ballentine, Casper Banjo, Bill Banks, Ellen Banks, John W. Banks, Henry Bannarn, Edward Bannister, Curtis R. Barnes, Ernie Barnes, James MacDonald Barnsley, Richmond Barthé, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Daniel Carter Beard, Romare Bearden, Phoebe Beasley, Falcon Beazer, Arthello Beck, Sherman Beck, Cleveland Bellow, Gwendolyn Bennett, Herbert Bennett, Ed Bereal, Arthur Berry, Devoice Berry, Ben Bey, John Biggers, Camille Billops, Willie Birch, Eloise Bishop, Robert Blackburn, Tarleton Blackwell, Lamont K.
Bland, Betty Blayton, Gloria Bohanon, Hawkins Bolden, Leslie Bolling, Shirley Bolton, Higgins Bond, Erma Booker, Michael Borders, Ronald Boutte, Siras Bowens, Lynn Bowers, Frank Bowling, David Bustill Bowser, David Patterson Boyd, David Bradford, Harold Bradford, Peter Bradley, Fred Bragg, Winston Branch, Brumsic Brandon, James Brantley, William Braxton, Bruce Brice, Arthur Britt, James Britton, Sylvester Britton, Moe Brooker, Bernard Brooks, Mable Brooks, Oraston Brooks-el, David Scott Brown, Elmer Brown, Fred Brown, Frederick Brown, Grafton Brown, James Andrew Brown, Joshua Brown, Kay Brown, Marvin Brown, Richard Brown, Samuel Brown, Vivian Browne, Henry Brownlee, Beverly Buchanan, Selma Burke, Arlene Burke-Morgan, Calvin Burnett, Margaret Burroughs, Cecil Burton, Charles Burwell, Nathaniel Bustion, David Butler, Carole Byard, Albert Byrd, Walter Cade, Joyce Cadoo, Bernard Cameron, Simms Campbell, Frederick Campbell, Thomas Cannon (as Canon), Nicholas Canyon, John Carlis, Arthur Carraway, Albert Carter, Allen Carter, George Carter, Grant Carter, Ivy Carter, Keithen Carter, Robert Carter, William Carter, Yvonne Carter, George Washington Carver, Bernard Casey, Yvonne Catchings, Elizabeth Catlett, Frances Catlett, Mitchell Caton, Catti, Charlotte Chambless, Dana Chandler, John Chandler, Robin Chandler, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Kitty Chavis, Edward Christmas, Petra Cintron, George Clack, Claude Clark Sr. Claude Lockhart Clark, Edward Clark, Irene Clark, LeRoy Clarke, Pauline Clay, Denise Cobb, Gylbert Coker, Marion Elizabeth Cole, Archie Coleman, Floyd Coleman, Donald Coles, Robert Colescott, Carolyn Collins, Paul Collins, Richard Collins, Samuel Collins, Don Concholar, Wallace Conway, Houston Conwill, William A. Cooper, Arthur Coppedge, Jean Cornwell, Eldzier Cortor, Samuel Countee, Harold Cousins, Cleo Crawford, Marva Cremer, Ernest Crichlow, Norma Criss, Allan Rohan Crite, Harvey Cropper, Geraldine Crossland, Rushie Croxton, Doris Crudup, Dewey Crumpler, Emilio Cruz, Charles Cullen (White artist), Vince Cullers, Michael Cummings, Urania Cummings, DeVon Cunningham, Samuel Curtis, William Curtis, Artis Dameron, Mary Reed Daniel, Aaron Darling, Alonzo Davis, Bing Davis, Charles Davis, Dale Davis, Rachel Davis, Theresa Davis, Ulysses Davis, Walter Lewis Davis, Charles C. Davis, William Dawson, Juette Day, Roy DeCarava, Avel DeKnight, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Nadine Delawrence, Louis Delsarte, Richard Dempsey, J. Brooks Dendy, III (as Brooks Dendy), James Denmark, Murry DePillars, Joseph DeVillis, Robert D'Hue, Kenneth Dickerson, Voris Dickerson, Charles Dickson, Frank Dillon, Leo Dillon, Robert Dilworth, James Donaldson, Jeff Donaldson, Lillian Dorsey, William Dorsey, Aaron Douglas, Emory Douglas, Calvin Douglass, Glanton Dowdell, John Dowell, Sam Doyle, David Driskell, Ulric S.
Dunbar, Robert Duncanson, Eugenia Dunn, John Morris Dunn, Edward Dwight, Adolphus Ealey, Lawrence Edelin, William Edmondson, Anthony Edwards, Melvin Edwards, Eugene Eda [as Edy], John Elder, Maurice Ellison, Walter Ellison, Mae Engron, Annette Easley, Marion Epting, Melvyn Ettrick (as Melvin), Clifford Eubanks, Minnie Evans, Darrell Evers, Frederick Eversley, Cyril Fabio, James Fairfax, Kenneth Falana, Josephus Farmer, John Farrar, William Farrow, Malaika Favorite, Elton Fax, Tom Feelings, Claude Ferguson, Violet Fields, Lawrence Fisher, Thomas Flanagan, Walter Flax, Frederick Flemister, Mikelle Fletcher, Curt Flood, Batunde Folayemi, George Ford, Doyle Foreman, Leroy Foster, Walker Foster, John Francis, Richard Franklin, Ernest Frazier, Allan Freelon, Gloria Freeman, Pam Friday, John Fudge, Meta Fuller, Ibibio Fundi, Ramon Gabriel, Alice Gafford, West Gale, George Gamble, Reginald Gammon, Christine Gant, Jim Gary, Adolphus Garrett, Leroy Gaskin, Lamerol A. Gatewood, Herbert Gentry, Joseph Geran, Ezekiel Gibbs, William Giles, Sam Gilliam, Robert Glover, William Golding, Paul Goodnight, Erma Gordon, L.
Gordon, Robert Gordon, Russell Gordon, Rex Goreleigh, Bernard Goss, Joe Grant, Oscar Graves, Todd Gray, Annabelle Green, James Green, Jonathan Green, Robert Green, Donald Greene, Michael Greene, Joseph Grey, Charles Ron Griffin, Eugene Grigsby, Raymond Grist, Michael Gude, Ethel Guest, John Hailstalk, Charles Haines, Horathel Hall, Karl Hall, Wesley Hall, Edward Hamilton, Eva Hamlin-Miller, David Hammons, James Hampton, Phillip Hampton, Marvin Harden, Inge Hardison, John Hardrick, Edwin Harleston, William Harper, Hugh Harrell, Oliver Harrington, Gilbert Harris, Hollon Harris, John Harris, Scotland J. Harris, Warren Harris, Bessie Harvey, Maren Hassinger, Cynthia Hawkins (as Thelma), William Hawkins, Frank Hayden, Kitty Hayden, Palmer Hayden, William Hayden, Vertis Hayes, Anthony Haynes, Wilbur Haynie, Benjamin Hazard, June Hector, Dion Henderson, Napoleon Jones-Henderson, William Henderson, Barkley Hendricks, Gregory A. Henry, Robert Henry, Ernest Herbert, James Herring, Mark Hewitt, Leon Hicks, Renalda Higgins, Hector Hill, Felrath Hines, Alfred Hinton, Tim Hinton, Adrienne Hoard, Irwin Hoffman, Raymond Holbert, Geoffrey Holder, Robin Holder, Lonnie Holley, Alvin Hollingsworth, Eddie Holmes, Varnette Honeywood, Earl J. Hooks, Ray Horner, Paul Houzell, Helena Howard, Humbert Howard, John Howard, Mildred Howard, Raymond Howell, William Howell, Calvin Hubbard, Henry Hudson, Julien Hudson, James Huff, Manuel Hughes, Margo Humphrey, Raymond Hunt, Richard Hunt, Clementine Hunter, Elliott Hunter, Arnold Hurley, Bill Hutson, Zell Ingram, Sue Irons, A. Jackson, Gerald Jackson, Harlan Jackson, Hiram Jackson, May Jackson, Oliver Jackson, Robert Jackson, Suzanne Jackson, Walter Jackson, Martha Jackson-Jarvis, Bob James, Wadsworth Jarrell, Jasmin Joseph [as Joseph Jasmin], Archie Jefferson, Rosalind Jeffries, Noah Jemison, Barbara Fudge Jenkins, Florian Jenkins, Chester Jennings, Venola Jennings, Wilmer Jennings, Georgia Jessup, Johana, Daniel Johnson, Edith Johnson, Harvey Johnson, Herbert Johnson, Jeanne Johnson, Malvin Gray Johnson, Marie Johnson-Calloway, Milton Derr (as Milton Johnson), Sargent Johnson, William H.Johnson, Joshua Johnston, Ben Jones, Calvin Jones, Dorcas Jones, Frank A. (as Frederic Jones), Henry B. Jones, Johnny Jones, Lawrence Arthur Jones, Leon Jones, Lois Mailou Jones, Nathan Jones, Tonnie Jones, Napoleon Jones-Henderson, Barbara Jones-Hogu, Jack Jordan, Cliff Joseph, Ronald Joseph, Lemuel Joyner, Edward Judie, Michael Kabu, Arthur Kaufman, Charles Keck, Paul Keene, John Kendrick, Harriet Kennedy, Leon Kennedy, Joseph Kersey; Virginia Kiah, Henri King, James King, Gwendolyn Knight, Robert Knight, Lawrence Kolawole, Brenda Lacy, (Laura) Jean Lacy, Roy LaGrone, Artis Lane, Doyle Lane, Raymond Lark, Carolyn Lawrence, Jacob Lawrence, James Lawrence, Clarence Lawson, Louis LeBlanc, James Lee, Hughie Lee-Smith, Lizetta LeFalle-Collins, Leon Leonard, Bruce LeVert, Edmonia Lewis, Edwin E.
Lewis, Flora Lewis, James E. Lewis, Norman Lewis, Roy Lewis, Samella Lewis, Elba Lightfoot, Charles Lilly [as Lily], Arturo Lindsay, Henry Linton, Jules Lion, James Little, Marcia Lloyd, Tom Lloyd, Jon Lockard, Donald Locke, Lionel Lofton, Juan Logan, Bert Long, Willie Longshore, Edward Loper, Francisco Lord, Jesse Lott, Edward Love, Nina Lovelace, Whitfield Lovell, Alvin Loving, Ramon Loy, William Luckett, John Lutz, Don McAllister, Theadius McCall, Dindga McCannon, Edward McCluney, Jesse McCowan, Sam McCrary, Geraldine McCullough, Lawrence McGaugh, Charles McGee, Donald McIlvaine, Karl McIntosh, Joseph Mack, Edward McKay, Thomas McKinney, Alexander McMath, Robert McMillon, William McNeil, Lloyd McNeill, Clarence Major, William Majors, David Mann, Ulysses Marshall, Phillip Lindsay Mason, Lester Mathews, Sharon Matthews, William (Bill) Maxwell, Gordon Mayes, Marietta Mayes, Richard Mayhew, Valerie Maynard, Victoria Meek, Leon Meeks, Yvonne Meo, Helga Meyer, Gaston Micheaux, Charles Mickens, Samuel Middleton, Onnie Millar, Aaron Miller, Algernon Miller, Don Miller, Earl Miller, Eva Hamlin Miller, Guy Miller, Julia Miller, Charles Milles, Armsted Mills, Edward Mills, Lev Mills, Priscilla Mills (P'lla), Carol Mitchell, Corinne Mitchell, Tyrone Mitchell, Arthur Monroe, Elizabeth Montgomery, Ronald Moody, Ted Moody, Frank Moore, Ron Moore, Sabra Moore, Theophilus Moore, William Moore, Leedell Moorehead, Scipio Moorhead, Clarence Morgan, Norma Morgan, Sister Gertrude Morgan, Patricia Morris, Keith Morrison, Lee Jack Morton, Jimmie Mosely, David Mosley, Lottie Moss, Archibald Motley, Hugh Mulzac, Betty Murchison, J.
Murry, Teixera Nash, Inez Nathaniel, Frank Neal, George Neal, Jerome Neal, Robert Neal, Otto Neals, Robert Newsome, James Newton, Rochelle Nicholas, John Nichols, Isaac Nommo, Oliver Nowlin, Trudell Obey, Constance Okwumabua, Osira Olatunde, Kermit Oliver, Yaounde Olu, Ademola Olugebefola, Mary O'Neal, Haywood Oubré, Simon Outlaw, John Outterbridge, Joseph Overstreet, Carl Owens, Winnie Owens-Hart, Lorenzo Pace, William Pajaud, Denise Palm, James Pappas, Christopher Parks, James Parks, Louise Parks, Vera Parks, Oliver Parson, James Pate, Edgar Patience, John Payne, Leslie Payne, Sandra Peck, Alberto Pena, Angela Perkins, Marion Perkins, Michael Perry, Bertrand Phillips, Charles James Phillips, Harper Phillips, Ted Phillips, Delilah Pierce, Elijah Pierce, Harold Pierce, Anderson Pigatt, Stanley Pinckney, Howardena Pindell, Elliott Pinkney, Jerry Pinkney, Robert Pious, Adrian Piper, Horace Pippin, Betty Pitts, Stephanie Pogue, Naomi Polk, Charles Porter, James Porter, Georgette Powell, Judson Powell, Richard Powell, Daniel Pressley, Leslie Price, Ramon Price, Nelson Primus, Arnold Prince, E. Proctor, Nancy Prophet, Ronnie Prosser, William Pryor, Noah Purifoy, Florence Purviance, Martin Puryear, Mavis Pusey, Teodoro Ramos Blanco y Penita, Helen Ramsaran, Joseph Randolph; Thomas Range, Frank Rawlings, Jennifer Ray, Maxine Raysor, Patrick Reason, Roscoe Reddix, Junius Redwood, James Reed, Jerry Reed, Donald Reid, O.Richard Reid, Robert Reid, Leon Renfro, John Rhoden, Ben Richardson, Earle Richardson, Enid Richardson, Gary Rickson, John Riddle, Gregory Ridley, Faith Ringgold, Haywood Rivers, Arthur Roach, Malkia Roberts, Royal Robertson, Aminah Robinson, Charles Robinson, John N. Robinson, Brenda Rogers, Charles Rogers, Herbert Rogers, Juanita Rogers, Sultan Rogers, Bernard Rollins, Henry Rollins, Arthur Rose, Charles Ross, James Ross, Nellie Mae Rowe, Sandra Rowe, Nancy Rowland, Winfred Russsell, Mahler Ryder, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Charles Sallee, JoeSam.
Marion Sampler, Bert Samples, Juan Sanchez, Eve Sandler, Walter Sanford, Floyd Sapp, Raymond Saunders, Augusta Savage, Ann Sawyer, Sydney Schenck, Vivian Schuyler Key, John Scott (Johnny) , John Tarrell Scott, Joyce Scott, William Scott, Charles Searles, Charles Sebree, Bernard Sepyo, Bennie Settles, Franklin Shands, Frank Sharpe, Christopher Shelton, Milton Sherrill, Thomas Sills, Gloria Simmons, Carroll Simms, Jewell Simon, Walter Simon, Coreen Simpson, Ken Simpson, Merton Simpson, William Simpson, Michael Singletary (as Singletry), Nathaniel Sirles, Margaret Slade (Kelley), Van Slater, Louis Sloan, Albert A. Smith, Alvin Smith, Arenzo Smith, Damballah Dolphus Smith, Floyd Smith, Frank Smith, George Smith, Howard Smith, John Henry Smith, Marvin Smith, Mary T.Smith, Sue Jane Smith, Vincent Smith, William Smith, Zenobia Smith, Rufus Snoddy, Sylvia Snowden, Carroll Sockwell, Ben Solowey, Edgar Sorrells, Georgia Speller, Henry Speller, Shirley Stark, David Stephens, Lewis Stephens, Walter Stephens, Erik Stephenson, Nelson Stevens, Mary Stewart, Renée Stout, Edith Strange, Thelma Streat, Richard Stroud, Dennis Stroy, Charles Suggs, Sharon Sulton, Johnnie Swearingen, Earle Sweeting, Roderick Sykes, Clarence Talley, Ann Tanksley, Henry O. Tanner, James Tanner, Ralph Tate, Carlton Taylor, Cecil Taylor, Janet Taylor Pickett, Lawrence Taylor, William (Bill) Taylor, Herbert Temple, Emerson Terry, Evelyn Terry, Freida Tesfagiorgis, Alma Thomas, Charles Thomas, James "Son Ford" Thomas, Larry Erskine Thomas, Matthew Thomas, Roy Thomas, William Thomas a. Juba Solo, Conrad Thompson, Lovett Thompson, Mildred Thompson, Phyllis Thompson, Bob Thompson, Russ Thompson, Dox Thrash, Mose Tolliver, William Tolliver, Lloyd Toone, John Torres, Elaine Towns, Bill Traylor, Charles Tucker, Clive Tucker, Yvonne Edwards Tucker, Charlene Tull, Donald Turner, Leo Twiggs, Alfred Tyler, Anna Tyler, Barbara Tyson Mosley, Bernard Upshur, Jon Urquhart, Florestee Vance, Ernest Varner, Royce Vaughn, George Victory, Harry Vital, Ruth Waddy, Annie Walker, Charles Walker, Clinton Walker, Earl Walker, Lawrence Walker, Raymond Walker a. Bo Walker, William Walker, Bobby Walls, Daniel Warburg, Eugene Warburg, Denise Ward-Brown, Evelyn Ware, Laura Waring, Masood Ali Warren, Horace Washington, James Washington, Mary Washington, Timothy Washington, Richard Waters, James Watkins, Curtis Watson, Howard Watson, Willard Watson, Richard Waytt, Claude Weaver, Stephanie Weaver, Clifton Webb, Derek Webster, Edward Webster, Albert Wells, James Wells, Roland Welton, Barbara Wesson, Pheoris West, Lamonte Westmoreland, Charles White, Cynthia White, Franklin White, George White, J. Philip White, Jack White (sculptor), Jack White (painter), John Whitmore, Jack Whitten, Garrett Whyte, Benjamin Wigfall, Bertie Wiggs, Deborah Wilkins, Timothy Wilkins, Billy Dee Williams, Chester Williams, Douglas Williams, Frank Williams, George Williams, Gerald Williams, Jerome Williams, Jose Williams, Laura Williams, Matthew Williams, Michael K. Williams, Pat Ward Williams, Randy Williams, Roy Lee Williams, Todd Williams, Walter Williams, William T. Williams, Yvonne Williams, Philemona Williamson, Stan Williamson, Luster Willis, A. Wilson, Edward Wilson, Ellis Wilson, Fred Wilson, George Wilson, Henry Wilson, John Wilson, Stanley C. Wilson, Linda Windle, Eugene Winslow, Vernon Winslow, Cedric Winters, Viola Wood, Hale Woodruff, Roosevelt Woods, Shirley Woodson, Beulah Woodard, Bernard Wright, Dmitri Wright, Estella Viola Wright, George Wright, Richard Wyatt, Frank Wyley, Richard Yarde, James Yeargans, Joseph Yoakum, Bernard Young, Charles Young, Clarence Young, Kenneth Young, Milton Young. Krannert Art Museum, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Out of Sequence: Underrepresented Voices in American Comics.
Texts by the curators John Jennings and Damian Duffy, as well as Jerry Craft, Shaenon K. Harvey, Trina Robbins, Brian Wood, and Daniel F. Group exhibition by roughly 50 minority comics artists. Traveled to: The Laboratory of Art and Ideas at Belmar (The Lab), Belmar, CO January 28-April 26, 2009; Thorne-Sagendorph Art Gallery, Keene State College, Keene, NH October 24-December 6, 2009.Caroline and Erwin Swann Foundation for Caricature and Cartoon, Library of Congress. Performing Arts Caricatures in the Library of Congress. Group exhibition of 80 pieces by approximately 40 artists. Included: Elizabeth Catlett, Michael Ray Charles, Leamon Green, Oliver Harrington, Preston Jackson, Calvin Bell Jones, Jean Lacy, Annette Lawrence, Tierney Malone, Eddie McAnthony, David McGee, Adrian Piper, Noah Purifoy, John Rozelle, Clarence Talley, Andrew L. Traveled to: Blaffer Gallery, University of Houston, January 21-March 27, 1994, and other venues. The Wall in Our Heads. Included: Oliver Harrington and Adrian Piper. Harrington, a pioneering black cartoonist best known for a comic character named Bootsie that he created in the 1930's, died on Thursday at his home in Berlin. He was 84 and had lived in what was formerly East Berlin since 1961.
Harrington began his career as a cartoonist when there were few blacks in that profession. His friend, the writer Langston Hughes, called him America's most popular black cartoonist and a first-rate social satirist.
Cartoons featuring Bootsie, a black man whom Mr. Harrington described in a 1964 book as "a jolly, rather well-fed but soulful character, " appeared in The Amsterdam News in New York City, in The Pittsburgh Courier and elsewhere.
Sometimes Bootsie is only an offstage presence: in one cartoon, two children peer out a tenement window at a robin. The boy says: Oooh, look, Sis, a robin red breast, and it must be spring.Do you reckon Uncle Bootsie was lying when he said spring comes three weeks earlier over'cross town where the white folks live? In a chapter that Mr. Harrington contributed to the 1964 book Harlem, U. He recalled that Bootsie was born in 1936, after the editor of The Amsterdam News had hired him as a temporary cartoonist. Continue reading the main story.
"Luckily, not much imagination was needed for the job, " Mr. I simply recorded the almost unbelievable but hilarious chaos around me and came up with a character.
It seems that one of the local numbers runners dug my cartoon, and nobody covers as much Harlem territory as the numbers man. And so the cartoon's popularity grew by word of his mouth, which was very big. The newspaper's city editor named the character Bootsie, andMr. Harrington recalled, I was more surprised than anyone when Brother Bootsie became a Harlem household celebrity. Harrington was a friend of other writers who were part of what became known as the Harlem Renaissance, including Arna Bontemps and Rudolph Fisher.
Mel Watkins wrote in The New York Times Book Review in 1993: Mr. Harrington is a gifted painter and fine artist. His drawings, unlike those of many cartoonists, often transcend mere caricature even as they convey the impressionistic vigor and ironic thrust demanded by the genre. As his essays and cartoons demonstrate, much of his life and work was shaped by outrage at the way he and other blacks were treated. His criticism of what he called nationwide apathy about legislation against lynching came under scrutiny from the F.
Harrington left the United States and lived for some years in Paris, where he was part of a group of black American expatriates that included the authors Richard Wright and Chester Himes. During his years abroad, he wrote articles for American periodicals. A collection of those articles, "Why I Left America: And Other Essays, " edited by M. Thomas Inge, was published by University Press of Mississippi in 1993, as was the book Dark Laughter: The Satiric Art of Oliver W. Harrington, also edited by Professor Inge, of Randolph-Macon College.
"Dark Laughter" contained some of Mr. Harrington's best artwork from the six decades beginning with the 1930's, including much Bootsie cartoon work. It also featured what Mr. Watkins, reviewing both books jointly in The Times, called "the more openly satiric political cartoons" that Mr. Harrington produced for publications in East Germany and elsewhere.Harrington was born in Valhalla, N. And was reared mostly in the South Bronx.
He became interested in cartooning as a schoolboy, he later recalled, when he drew caricatures of a teacher whom he considered a bigot. He went on to receive a bachelor's degree from Yale University, then studied at the National Academy of Design.He also worked in public relations for the N. And served as art editor of The People's Voice. He is survived by his wife, the former Helga Richter; a son, Oliver W. Of Berlin, and a sister, Earthaline Williamson of the Bronx. November 2, 1995 (aged 83). Oliver Wendell "Ollie" Harrington (February 14, 1912 November 2, 1995) was an American cartoonist and an outspoken advocate against racism and for civil rights in the United States. Of multi-ethnic descent, Langston Hughes called him "America's greatest African-American cartoonist".  Harrington requested political asylum in East Germany in 1961; he lived in Berlin for the last three decades of his life. Born to Herbert and Euzsenie Turat Harrington in Valhalla, New York, Harrington was the oldest of five children. He began cartooning to vent his frustrations about a viciously racist sixth grade teacher and graduated from DeWitt Clinton High School in 1929. Immersing himself in the Harlem Renaissance, Harrington found employment when Ted Poston, city editor for the Amsterdam News became aware of Harrington's already considerable skills as a cartoonist and political satirist. In 1935, Harrington created Dark Laughter, a regular single panel cartoon, for that publication. The strip was later retitled Bootsie, after its most famous character, an ordinary African American dealing with racism in the U. Harrington described him as a jolly, rather well-fed but soulful character. During this period, Harrington enrolled in Fine Arts at Yale University to complete his degree, but could not finish because of the United States entry into World War II. On October 18, 1941, he started publication of Jive Gray (19411951), a weekly adventure comic strip about an eponymous African-American aviator; the strip went on until Harrington moved to Paris. During World War II, the Pittsburgh Courier sent Harrington as a correspondent to Europe and North Africa. In Italy, he met Walter White, executive secretary of the NAACP.
After the war, White hired Harrington to develop the organization's public relations department, where he became a visible and outspoken advocate for civil rights. In that capacity, Harrington published "Terror in Tennessee, " a controversial expose of increased lynching violence in the post-W. Given the publicity garnered by his sensational critique, Harrington was invited to debate with U. Clark on the topic of The Struggle for Justice as a World Force. He confronted Clark for the U.
Government's failure to curb lynching and other racially motivated violence. In the postwar period his prominence and social activism brought him scrutiny from the Federal Bureau of Investigation and the House Un-American Activities Committee. Hoping to avoid further government scrutiny, Harrington moved to Paris in 1951.
In Paris, Harrington joined a thriving community of African-American expatriate writers and artists, including James Baldwin, Chester Himes, and Richard Wright, who became a close friend. Harrington was shaken by Wright's death in 1960, suspecting that he was assassinated. He thought that the American embassy had a deliberate campaign of harassment directed toward the expatriates. In 1961 he requested political asylum in East Germany. He spent the rest of his life in East Berlin, finding plentiful work and a cult following. He illustrated and contributed to publications such as Eulenspiegel, Das Magazine, and the Daily Worker. Nationals; a third is a British national. All were born before Harrington emigrated to East Berlin. His youngest child, a son, was born several years after Harrington married Helma Richter, a German journalist. Dark Laughter: The Satiric Art of Oliver W. Thomas Inge (Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1993). Why I Left America and Other Essays, ed. Laughing on the Outside: The Intelligent White Reader's Guide to Negro Tales and Humor (New York: Grosset & Dunlap, 1965). With Philip Sterling and J.
Bootsie and Others: A Selection of Cartoons (New York: Dodd, Mead, 1958). Hezekiah Horton (Viking Press, 1955). Terror in Tennessee: The Truth about the Columbia Outrages (New York: "Committee of 100", 1946). The item "ORIGINAL AFRICAN AMERICAN ARTIST OLLIE HARRINGTON MIXED MEDIA 20X30 IN GORGEOUS" is in sale since Thursday, June 14, 2018.
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